Oral Health Status of Pregnant Woman Versus Non-Pregnant Women of Childbearing Age (15-44 Years) in Lao PDR

Amphayvan Homsavath *

Faculty of Dentistry, University of Health Sciences, Laos, Military 103 Hospital, Vientiane, Laos.

Souksakhone Anouphonh

Faculty of Dentistry, University of Health Sciences, Laos, Military 103 Hospital, Vientiane, Laos.

Beltran-Aguilat Eugenio

Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, New York University, USA.

Viraseng Rajpho

Faculty of Medicine, University of Health Sciences, Laos.

Daungsavanh Phengmaneevong

Faculty of Dentistry, University of Health Sciences, Laos.

Vatsana Chanthamalinh

Faculty of Dentistry, University of Health Sciences, Laos.

Thongsavanh Vetsouvanh

Faculty of Dentistry, University of Health Sciences, Laos.

Phimfalee Sayaxang

Faculty of Dentistry, University of Health Sciences, Laos.

Souliyo Souvong

Faculty of Dentistry, University of Health Sciences, Laos.

Patay Vongsathien

Faculty of Dentistry, University of Health Sciences, Laos.

Chanvilay Soukhaserm

Faculty of Dentistry, University of Health Sciences, Laos.

Soulideth Inthakone

Faculty of Dentistry, University of Health Sciences, Laos.

Souksida Xaykhambanh

Faculty of Dentistry, University of Health Sciences, Laos.

Vimonh Thongterm

Faculty of Dentistry, University of Health Sciences, Laos.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Aim: this study was to identify an oral health status, utilization of dental services, and impacts of oral health on daily living among pregnant and non-pregnant women in Lao PDR.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted, among 150 pregnant and 150 non-pregnant women age 15–44 years old attending 103 Military Hospital of Vientiane. The study consisted of an interview and oral examination. All participants were examined for the presence of decayed, filled and missing teeth (DMFT), using the criteria from WHO Oral Health Basic Methods, 5th edition. Periodontal status was examined pocket depth by using WHO probe with marks at 3.5 and 5.5 mm and bleeding on probing was assessed by using normative (clinical examination) and by self-reported approaches. Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) were used to measures perceptions of the social impacts of oral disorders on their well-being, the questionnaire was developed in English and used validated questions from other questionnaires. Then it was translated into Lao.

Results: A total number of 300 participants. The prevalence of dental caries among all participants was 75%. In both estimates. Pregnant women had a higher prevalence (76%) than non-pregnant women (73%), but the differences were not statistically different. The mean number of decayed, filled and missing teeth DMFT was 3.25. The mean number of untreated decayed teeth (DT) was 2.04. The mean DMFT and DT were statistically higher among pregnant women (p= 0.001). no difference prevalence of pocket depth between both group. However, pregnant women had higher bleeding on probe than non-pregnant women (P= 0.011), The mean OHIP-14 score was higher in non-pregnant (9.6±8.7) than in pregnant women (7.7±7.6). There was strong significant positive relationship between DMFT, periodontal, bleeding and total OHIP-14 in pregnant women on functional limitation and pain.

Conclusion: pregnant women were high risk and poor oral health than non-pregnant women. Dental treatment needs and prevention program for women planning to pregnant. During pregnancy, women’s oral hygiene education should be integrated into routine maternal care. It could also be of necessary step for the mothers to take responsibility for the oral health of their newborns.

Keywords: Pregnancy status, caries, periodontal diseases, OHIP-14

How to Cite

Homsavath, Amphayvan, Souksakhone Anouphonh, Beltran-Aguilat Eugenio, Viraseng Rajpho, Daungsavanh Phengmaneevong, Vatsana Chanthamalinh, Thongsavanh Vetsouvanh, Phimfalee Sayaxang, Souliyo Souvong, Patay Vongsathien, Chanvilay Soukhaserm, Soulideth Inthakone, Souksida Xaykhambanh, and Vimonh Thongterm. 2024. “Oral Health Status of Pregnant Woman Versus Non-Pregnant Women of Childbearing Age (15-44 Years) in Lao PDR”. Asian Journal of Pregnancy and Childbirth 7 (1):101-9. https://www.journalajpcb.com/index.php/AJPCB/article/view/136.


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