Prevalence and Trend Pattern of Malaria Occurrence among Pregnant Women in Irewole Local Government Area of Osun State, Nigeria

Francis Olusegun Oladeji *

Department of Environmental Health Science, Fountain University, Osogbo, Osun-State, Nigeria.

Akinwumi Isaac Tope

Department of Public Health Science, Atiba University, Oyo-State, Nigeria.

Omotoso Ayodele Jacob

Department of Environmental Health Science, Kwara State University, Malate, Kwara- State, Nigeria.

Adepoju Adelola Aleji

Department of Environmental Health Science, Kwara State University, Malate, Kwara- State, Nigeria.

Nsikak Akpan

Institute of Ecology and Environmental Studies, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The endemic nature of malaria poses a significant threat, particularly impacting vulnerable populations such as children under five and pregnant women, with substantial mortality rates, especially in developing countries. This study focuses on assessing the prevalence and distribution patterns of malaria among pregnant women in Irewole Local Government Area, Osun State. The researcher collected records spanning four years from health centers, revealing malaria distribution among pregnant women. Two hundred pregnant women undergoing antenatal care participated in the study, providing socio-demographic details, malaria incidence, management protocols, recovery patterns, and survival rates through questionnaires. One hundred participants underwent parasitemia testing to determine parasite density, along with an assessment of hematological parameters. Comparative samples were collected from ten non-pregnant women. The analysis exposed distribution trends, current status, and malaria's impact on pregnant women in the study area. This research seeks to contribute to reducing malaria endemicity among pregnant women, not only in Irewole Local Government Area but across Nigeria. The findings aim to inform targeted interventions and policies for better maternal health outcomes in malaria-endemic regions.

Keywords: Malaria, Parasitemia, pregnant women, endemic, prevalence, pandemic


How to Cite

Oladeji, Francis Olusegun, Akinwumi Isaac Tope, Omotoso Ayodele Jacob, Adepoju Adelola Aleji, and Nsikak Akpan. 2024. “Prevalence and Trend Pattern of Malaria Occurrence Among Pregnant Women in Irewole Local Government Area of Osun State, Nigeria”. Asian Journal of Pregnancy and Childbirth 7 (1):1-14. https://www.journalajpcb.com/index.php/AJPCB/article/view/126.

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